There are many chances for congenital anomalies to form while a child is still developing. One of the locations these anatomic anomalies occur is in the penis and other external genitalia. Typically, urethral abnormalities in male children are noticeable by examining external genitalia, whereas in females, these abnormalities may be present without any malformation of the external genitalia structures. The only time that surgery is necessary is if function of the urethra is impaired. However, some patients may seek surgery for cosmetic reasons. Here are some of the most common penile and urethral anomalies, and a few rare conditions.
Chordee is a common condition in males but it is rarely noticed until puberty. Essentially, it is a malformation of the penis in its erect form. The primary cause of this condition is a course, fibrous tissue that runs alongside the path of the corpus spongiosum. A secondary cause of the condition is usually diagnosed as a difference in size between the two corpora inside the penile structure. Episdpadias, typically the urethra opens at the tip of the penis. However, in rare circumstances, the urethra opens on the penile shaft. This opening can be either partial or complete. Unfortunately, this condition can lead to incontinence and almost always requires penile reconstruction.
Other Penile Anomalies
Phimosis is one of the common anomalies that medical professionals see in infants, children, and adults. This condition prevents the foreskin from retracting. This condition can either be acquired or congenital.
Paraphimosis is common and is the inability of the foreskin to retract distally over the head of the penis. Most cases of paraphimosis require circumcision to correct the condition. This can be a dangerous condition and is considered an emergency and should immediately be treated by a urologist. Not only does this condition restrict urine flow, it blood flow and causes swelling and potentially severe pain.
At times, uncircumcised males suffer from a condition known as a tight frenulum, which can cause a lot of discomfort. This is a condition caused when the foreskin does not retract completely, which can cause bleeding when during an erection, or other retraction. Sometimes, this condition resolves on its own. However, if this condition becomes severe, surgery may be required to correct the condition.
While some of these conditions are congenital and present at birth, others develop with age, or specific situations. Not all these conditions are preventable, but some can be avoided with proper self-maintenance and regular sexual health checkups. As you can see, there are several conditions that are directly related to being uncircumcised. Proper self-care may prevent some of these conditions from occurring, but sometimes, the conditions are unpreventable.